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The Origin of Assassin’s Creed: The True Story of the Order of Hassasin and the Birth of the Word Assassin

It is often said that in a war it is the winners who mark the discourse of its history and, in the case of the misnamed Assassin Order that served as the starting point for the creation of Assassin’s Creed, the saying is strictly true.

How its legend was forged, where the idea came from, and why we call those who kill another person with premeditation a murderer, can help us understand what is true behind games like Assassin’s Creed Mirage and the relationship between truth and myth behind the franchise of Ubisoft.

Did the Assassin’s Creed Order of Assassins Really Exist?

When the need arose in Islam to choose a successor for the prophet MuhammadMuslims ended up divided into two main groups. On one side were the Sunnis, who would come to dominate the global Islamic community until they became the majority branch of Islam. Between 80 and 90% of Muslims worldwide consider themselves Sunni.

While these center their beliefs on the Koran and the Sunnah, a series of sayings and religious precepts attributed to Muhammad, on the other side, a second group was formed that considered that the succession of the prophet should be linked to his family. Something like monarchical law so on everyone’s lips in recent days. This second group would be known as Shiites.

Around the 9th century there was a conflict between the Shiites as to who should lead them and an additional group, the Isma’ilites, was created. who followed Imam Ismail as a spiritual successor. In turn, at the beginning of the 11th century, these would experience another rupture that, following Prince Nizar in his conquest of Alexandria to win the throne, ended up leading to an even smaller group called Nizaris.

Persecuted, hated by the rest of the Shiites, and considered heretics, the Nizaris fled to the Persian mountains unable to face much larger armies. There, the branch considered sect, began to create strongholds from which to train their own soldiers. Due to their devotion and sacrifice for the cause, those combatants would end up being called fedayeen.

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Using guerrilla tactics and attacks more focused on stealth and disguise than brute force, the Nizaris and their fedayeen began to mark and remove strategic targets as soldiers, politicians and members of royalty, which generated even more rejection among opposing groups.

The origin of the word assassin

In a pejorative way, those assailants began to be called hashishina term that by literal translation would be close to “user or drinker of hashish” and that, according to sources of the time, was probably closer to a metaphor to refer to lower class or marginalized people.

With the arrival of the crusades and the entry onto the scene of members from outside the Muslim community, the rise and fame of the Nizaris and his nickname would grow even more, reaching its highest point with the Mongol invasion of Marco Polo, who would end up adopting the stories of those fedayeen in his chronicles.

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In them he further fueled the legend of those legendary strategic attacks ensuring that only someone intoxicated by drugs would be able to take on such deadly challenges, often sacrificing themselves for the cause and staying true to their community after being tortured when captured.

The idea and legend of a murderous group led by an old man on a mountain continued to grow until the destruction of their main strongholds by the Mongol army, at which point the Nizaris became even more scattered and hidden until their fall and dissolution.

Over time, the West adopted the term and adapted it to our languages ​​to convert those hashishin in killersthus giving shape to a word destined to name those acts of giving death voluntarily and with premeditation that pursued an end or reward.

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